Animals – Lessons 1 – 4

Over the next two days, try to complete the four animal lessons in Duolingo.


Cheval – horse
Chien – dog
Animal – animal
Oiseau – bird
Canard – duck
Chatte – cat (fem)
éléphant – elephant
ours – bear
tortue – tortoise
lion – lion
chienne – dog (fem)
vache – cow
cochon – pig
mouche – fly
singe – monkey
requin – shark
abeille – bee
tigre – tiger
dauphin – dolphin
serpent – snake
araignée – spider
souris – mouse
papillon – butterfly
insect – insect
fourmi – ant
baleine – whale
loup – wolf
zoo – zoo

Purpose of Modules

Introduce more animal vocabulary, continue examples of feminine/masculine nouns and adjectives.

Sentence Examples

As-tu un chien? Do you have a dog?
Avez vous un chien? Do you have a dog?
Je suis une mouche – I am a fly
L’éléphant mange une pomme – The elephant eats an apple
L’homme a un éléphant – The man has an elephant
Le chat est un animal – A cat is an animal
Le cheval noir mange une pomme – The black horse is eating an apple
L’oiseau est rouge – The bird is red
Nous avons une chatte – We have a cat
Nous avons un chat et un chien – We have a cat and a dog
L’homme a un éléphant – The man has an elephant
L’ours noir mange une pomme – The black bear is eating an apple
Nous avons un enfant et un chat – We have a child and a cat
Nous avons un chien et un chat – We have a dog and a cat
Nous avons un enfant et une chatte – We have a dog and a female cat
Tu manges le cochon – You are eating the pig
Un canard est un oiseau – A duck is a bird
Un canard noir mange une pomme -A black duck eats an apple
Un animal mange une pomme – An animal eats an apple
Une abeille – A bee

Masculine Un, Le, Du

(de + le)

chien, animal, chat, éléphant, oiseau, canard, cheval, cochon, singe, dolphin, papillon, loup, ours, lion, requin, tigre, serpent, insect, zoo
Feminine Une, La chienne, chatte, abeille, tortue, fourmi, vache, mouche, souris, baleine,  araignée

Mnemonics – masculine – animal (he’s an animal!), éléphant (trunk obvious), oiseau (birdman), canard (daffy duck), cheval (Mr. Ed), cochon (porky pig, again), singe (monkey boy or Hey, Hey, we’re the Monkees!), dolphin (Flipper), papillon (the prisoner), loup (wolfman), ours (Yogi Bear), lion (Lion King), requin (Card Shark), tigre (Tony the Tiger), serpent (Jake the Snake), insect (Bugsy Malone), zoo (Zoolander)

Mnemonics – feminine – abeille (Bee Hive hairdo), tortue (chocolate turtles on Valentine’s), fourmi (My aunt ant), vache (cow not steer, again), mouche (a beauty mark looks like a fly), souris (Minnie Mouse), baleine (whale is female, rhymes), araignée (Curse of the Spider Woman)


You may be tricked by having the module interchange male/female cats/dogs during an audio question. I don’t see any way of knowing the gender based on hearing the words. To my ear they are the same, but I am not a native speaker. We are also starting to see accent marks, and in French I have found there are quite a few. There are four French accents for vowels and one accent for a consonant.

The accent aigu ´ (acute accent) can only be on an E (e). At the beginning of a word, it often indicates that an S used to follow that vowel, e.g., étudiant (student).

The accent grave ` (grave accent) can be found on an A, E or U. On the A and U, it usually serves to distinguish between words that would otherwise be homographs (same spelling) e.g., ou (or)  (where), or words that would otherwise be homographs (same pronunciation).

The accent circonflexe ˆ (circumflex) can be on an A, E, I, O or U. The circumflex usually indicates that an S used to follow that vowel, but not always, e.g., forêt (forest). It has other uses, like serving to distinguish between homographs; e.g., du (the contraction of de + le) and  which is the past participle of the verb devoir (to owe).

The accent tréma ¨ (dieresis or umlaut) can be on an E, I or U. It is used when two vowels are next to each other and both must be pronounced, e.g., naïveSaül.

The cédille ¸ (cedilla) is that small hook under the letter C. It changes a hard C sound (like K) into a soft C sound (like S), e.g., garçon. The cedilla is never placed in front of E or I, because C always sounds like an S in front of these vowels.

If you wish to type with these accent marks, consider inserting symbols in word, or reading the post where I cover keyboards, and how to install a virtual French keyboard:


Food – Lesson 7


Huile – oil
Citron – lemon
Chocolat -chocolate
Confiture – jam
Bœuf – beef
Raisin – grapes
Jus – juice

Purpose of Module

Introduce more food vocabulary, continue examples of feminine/masculine nouns and adjectives, as well as verb conjugation.


Elle a du chocolat – She has chocolate
Le jus est rouge – The juice is red
J’aime la confiture – I like jam
J’aime manger du pain et de la confiture – I like to eat bread and jam
L’homme mange un citron – The man eats a lemon
Le boeuf est une bonne viande – Beef is a good meat
Le citron – The lemon
Le raisin – The grapes
Le raisin et le vin – The grapes and the wine
De l’huile et du sel – Oil and salt
Nous mangeons du bœuf – We are eating beef
Nous mangeons le chocolat – We are eating the chocolate
Tu manges le citron – You are eating the lemon
Tu manges un citron et une pomme – You eat a lemon and an apple
Vous mangez du bœuf – You eat beef

Notes – We’re going to start doing more than a single lesson of Duolingo each day from here forward.


Food – Lesson 6

Study Tip – Go to your favorite image search engine and enter terms like “francaise visual dictionaire”, “french visual dictionary”, “french english picture dictionary”, “greetings in French”, “imagiers”, “Vocabulaire Des Vetements” etc. You will find hundreds of excellent pictures that can be used as quick flashcards, already constructed. Create subfolders with subjects, and simply “save image as”….now you can walk into a room and have a ready reference of all the objects in French, on your smart phone or other devices.

Food Picture


Avec – with
Sel – salt
Sucre – sugar
Poivre – pepper
Poulet – chicken
Porc – pork
Gâteau – cake

Purpose of Module

Introduce more food vocabulary, continue examples of feminine/masculine nouns and adjectives, as well as verb conjugation.


Elles mangent du poulet – They eat a chicken
J’aime le sucre – I like sugar
Je mange de la viande avec du sel – I eat meat with salt
Il cuisine un poulet – He is cooking a chicken
Il mange du gâteau – He eats cake
Je mange du poulet – I eat chicken
Je mange du sucre – I eat some sugar
L’homme mange du poulet – The man eats some chicken
Les filles mangent avec les hommes – The girls eat with the men
Le gâteau est rouge et noir – The cake is black and red
Le poivre est noir – The pepper is black
Nous aimons le porc – We like the pork
Nous mangeons le sucre – We eat the sugar
Nous mangeons un gâteau – We are eating a cake
Tu manges du porc et du pain – You eat some pork and some bread

Concept Test #4 – Subject Pronouns

Fill in the blank with the correct subject pronoun: je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles.

  1. Edouard: ______ suis un escargot français. (I)
  2. Tex: ______ m’appelle Tex. (I)
  3. Joe-Bob: Bonjour, Tammy ______ vas bien? (you, fam)
  4. Corey: Tex, ______ es un tatou? (you, fam)
  5. Tex? ______ est professeur. (he)
  6. Tammy? ______ est étudiante. (she)
  7. Tex: En France, ______ est content? (one/we)
  8. La craie? ______ est bleue. (it, fem)
  9. Tex: Mes étudiants, ______ sommes français. (we)
  10. Joe-Bob: Bonjour, monsieur le professeur. Comment allez- ______? (you, formal)
  11. Corey et Joe-Bob? ______ sont du Texas. (they)
  12. Tammy et Bette? ______ sont étudiantes. (they)

The rules:

  • The pronoun on means ‘one’, or ‘they’ in a nonspecific sense: ‘comme on dit’ (as they say). On often replaces ‘nous’ in spoken French: ‘On y va?’ (Shall we go?). (#7)

Food – Lesson 5


Boire – drink (he/she/it)
Manger – to eat
Banana – banana
Fromage -cheese
Bonbon – candy
Poisson – fish

Purpose of Module

Introduce more food vocabulary, continue examples of feminine/masculine nouns and adjectives, as well as verb conjugation. The verb “to drink” is “boire” and is conjugated as follows:

je bois
tu bois
il boit
nous buvons
vous buvez
ils boivent


J’aime boire du vin – I like to drink wine
J’aime le fromage – I like cheese
J’aime manger – I like to eat
Je mange une banana – I eat a banana
Il a du poisson – He has a fish
Il mange un bonbon – He eats a candy
Ils mangent une banana – They eat a banana
L’homme mange du poisson – The man is eating fish
La femme mange un poisson – The woman is eating a fish
Le bonbon est rouge – The candy is red
Le poisson et le riz – The fish and the rice
Le vin et le fromage – The wine and the cheese
Manger du pain – To eat bread
Nous mangeons du fromage et ils mangent du poisson – We eat cheese and they eat fish
Tu manges du fromage – You eat (some) cheese
Tu manges le fromage – You eat the cheese
Une carotte – A carrot
Une fille mange le bonbon – A girl eats the candy

Notes – This module may challenge your knowledge of the concept of “du”. If you’re eating food, you better put a “de”, “de + le = du”, “de + les = des” (where applicable) or you will be wrong. You are not drinking wine, you’re drinking of the wine, or “some” wine, and eating of the cheese/bread, etc. Of course, when you’re translating back into English, you use “some” or drop the modifier completely. Vous buvez du vin ->You drink some wine or You drink wine. If you put “You drink the wine”….you will be graded incorrect.

Food – Lesson 4


Cuisine – to cook
Boisson – drink
Café – coffee
Thé – tea
Crêpe – crepe
Repas – meal
Beurre – butter

Purpose of Module

Introduce more food vocabulary, continue examples of feminine/masculine nouns and adjectives, as well as verb conjugation.


Avons-nous du café? Do we have coffee?
Elle cuisine de la nourriture – She cooks food
Ils mangent le repas – They are eating the meal
Je bois une boisson rouge – I am drinking a red drink
Je mange la crêpe – I am eating the crepe
J’aime le thé – I like the tea
J’aime la crêpe – I like the crepe
La boisson – The drink
La boisson est rouge – The drink is red
La femme mange le repas – The woman eats the meal
Les filles mangent du beurre – The girls eat butter
Les femmes boivent du thé – The women drink tea
Nous mangeons du beurr – We eat butter
Tu manges une crêpe – You are eating a crepe
Un homme cuisine – A man is cooking

Mnemonic – masculine – repas (a big meal)
Mnemonic – feminine – boisson (lady’s drink)

Food – Lesson 3


Du – the
Boivent – drink (they)
riz – rice
Pain – bread
vin – wine
Lait – milk
bière -beer

Purpose of Module

Introduce more food vocabulary, continue examples of feminine/masculine nouns and adjectives, as well as verb conjugation. The verb, “to please” which is “plaire” is found in this module, so let’s conjugate it.

je plais
tu plais
il plaît / ait
nous plaisons
vous plaisez
ils plaisent


Il a du pain – He has bread
Ils boivent – They drink
Il y a du riz – There is rice
Je bois de la bière – I drink beer
Les filles boivent de l’eau – The girls drink some water / The girls are drinking water
Le vin rouge – The red wine
Le vin, s’il vous plaît!  Wine, please!
Nous aimons le vin – We like wine
Tu manges du riz – You eat rice
Tu manges du pain – You eat bread
Une bière, s’il te plait! One beer, please!

Notes – None