Basics 1 – Lesson 2

Study Tip – Have a designated study area set-up, that is equipped with 3 x 5 study cards, small sticky notepads, several colored pens, and a small box. We’ll be using the small box later on (in many different ways). Also, if you are working on a computer, get in the habit of opening several browser pages. You should have your Duolingo open in one, this blog in another, the third will be cued to “” or a search engine that can show images, and the fourth will be open at “” with French selected on the left and your language (English is mine) on the right. Whenever you are confused with a word, copy the word, drop it into the search engine for images, which will solidify the visual association with the word. Then copy it into the French section of, which will translate it into your language (English). You will then click the speaker symbol at the bottom of the French section, so the word(s) will be spoken. Repeat the speaker until you feel you have it mimicked. Click as often as you need to. Write the word(s) in French on a small note and toss it in the box. You’ve processed the word with all of the language sections of your brain. 


l’ – Contraction for “the”
l’homme – the man
un homme – a man
est – “to be”, for he/she/it
le/une pomme – the/an apple
rouge – red
riche – rich
tu- you (familiar)
es – “to be”, for familiar you (tu)

Purpose of Module

To continue the introduction of the four definite articles in French:
le – (the) Masculine and singular. la – (the) Feminine and singular.

The third definite article is:
les – (the) Plural definite article. When using plural in French, gender is ignored, so there is only one form.

A forth form is also used: l’ – and this is the vowel-dependent form, used when the next letter in the sentence is a vowel, to allow the sentence to be said smoothly. Like “les”, you ignore gender.

The module also continues to introduce you to adjectives like the color red (rouge) and rich (riche), a few nouns (home, pomme), and to the present tense of the verb “to be”, which is “être”. The form in the first lesson was “I am” or “je suis” in French. This time the familiar version of you, “tu”, is stressed. The verb is conjugated as follows:

je suis – I am
tu es – You are (familiar)
il/elle est – He/She is
nous sommes – We are
vous êtes – You are (plural)
ils/elles sont – They are


Tu es une femme et je suis un homme – You are a woman, and I am a man
L’homme – The man
Un home – A man
La pomme – The apple
Une pomme – An apple
La pomme est rouge – The apple is red
Je suis riche! I am rich!
Je suis un home – I am a man
La fille est riche – The girl is rich
La femme est riche – The woman is rich
Tu es riche – You are rich
Tu es une fille – You are a girl
Tu es un home – You are a man
La pomme est rouge – The apple is red


L’homme sounds like “lum”, le sounds like “lo”, the french “h” is silent and therefore treated like a vowel, fille (girl) sounds like “fehr”, la sound like “lah”, je sounds like “chew” or “zhay” depending on the speaker, “est” sounds like “eh”.

Fast Tango 200 Club


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