Basics 2 – Lesson 5

Before we believe that we have determiners, and masculine/feminine figured out…consider the fact that there are some words that mean different things, if they are preceded by a masculine or feminine definitive article. They are:

Masculine Feminine
l’aide (helper) l’aide (help)
le critique (critic) la critique (criticism)
le guide (guide) la guide (horse reins)
le livre (book) la livre (pound)
le manche (handle) la manche (sleeve)
le mode (mode, method) la mode (fashion)
le moule (mold) la moule (mussel)
l’office (office, duty) l’office (pantry)
le page (page-boy) la page (book page)
le pendule (pendulum) la pendule (clock)
le poêle (stove) la poêle (frying pan)
le poste (poste) la poste (post office)
le somme (nap) la somme (sum)
le tour (tour, walk around) la tour (tower)
le vase (vase) la vase (mud)
le voile (veil) la voile (sail)

Vocabulary

Écrivent – to write (they)
filles – girls
Garcons – boys
lisent – to read (they)
Mangent –to eat (they)
enfants – children
Femmes – women

Purpose of Module

To continue to teach plurals of adjectives, and continue to use the verbs “to read” which is “lire”, “to eat” which is “manger” and “to read” which is “lire”.

The verb “to read”, “lire” is conjugated as follows:

Je lis – I read
tu lis – You read (familiar)
il/elle lit – He/She reads
nous lisons – We read
vous lisez – You read (plural)
ils/elles lisent – They read

Sentences

Elles écrivent – They write
Elles écrivent une letter – They write a letter
Ils mangent une orange – They eat an orange
Les enfants – The children
Les femmes – The women or wives
Les enfants et les femmes – The children and the women
Ils lisent le journal – They read the newspaper
J’aime les filles – I like the girls
J’aime les femmes – I like the women
Les garçons sont calmes – The boys are calm
Les garçons riches – The rich boys
L’homme et la femme écrivent une letter – The man and the woman write a letter
Ils mangent une orange – They are eating an orange
Les filles lisent un journal – The girls read a newspaper

Notes

The practice of having your adjectives match in both gender and quantity is being stressed again in this module. When you come upon a word, try to note its’ gender. La (es) fille(s) can mean a woman or a wife.

We are starting to see adjectives in the modules. To get a quick handle on the subject, go here:

http://www.frenchlearner.com/adjectives/

and note that there are certain situations where the adjective is placed BEFORE the noun. These situations usually have to do when you’re describing beauty, age, good and bad as well as size. This is remembered by using the mnemonic “BAGS goes before the noun”

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