Plurals – Lessons 1 through 5

You should have these five lesson done in two days.

https://quizlet.com/70283565/duolingo-french-plurals-flash-cards/

Vocabulary

Des – of/some (pl)
Chiens – dogs
Chats -cats
Grands – large (masc, pl)
Mots – words
Pommes – apples
Petits – small (masc, pl)
Grandes – large (fem, pl)
Jeunes – young (pl)
Petites – small (fem, pl)
Éléphants – elephants
Chiennes – dogs (fem, pl)
Lettres – letters (pl)
Noms – names (pl)
Bons – good (masc, pl)
Canards – ducks
Seules – alone (fem, pl)
Grosses – big (fem, pl)
Poissons – fish
Livres – books
Roses – pinks
Verres – glasses
Recettes – recipes
Citrons – lemons
Sandwichs – sandwiches
Fruits -fruits
Fraises – strawberries
Pâtes – pastas
Baguettes – baguettes
Crêpes – crepes
Légumes – vegetables
Frites – fries
Haricots – beans
Bonnes –  good (fem, pl)

Purpose of Module

Introduce plurals, continue examples of feminine/masculine nouns and adjectives, as well as verb conjugation.

Sentences

Des poissons mangent du riz – Some fish are eating rice
Des chiennes mangent du pain – some dogs are eating bread
Ils écrivent des noms – They are writing names
Ils lisent seuls –The read alone
J’aime manger des pâtes – I like to eat pasta
Je mange des fraises rouges – I am eating red strawberries
Les éléphants mangent du riz – The elephants are eating rice
Les haricots rouges sont bons – The red beans are good
Les petites filles lisent des livres – Little girls read books
Les chiens mangent du pain – The dogs eat some bread
Nous mangeons des petites baguettes – We are eating small baguettes
Seules les femmes boivent du thé – Only the women drink tea
Manges-tu les haricots? Do you eat the beans?

Mnemonics – masculine – nom (mon backwards, also masculine), haricot (Mr. Bean), legume (twig and two veg), citron (Bob Lemon, baseball player)

Mnemonics – feminine – nourriture (Martha Stewart), cuisine (cruising for chicks), baguette (ends in “ette”), racette (ends in “ette”), fraise (strawberry shampoo)

Notes: Plurals is a module that continues to expand on the previous possessive adjective module. The trick to this module is knowing that having plurals will mean that we are using the “they” and “we” form of verbs, and having to make our objects and adjectives plural as well.

Create plural nouns in French by adding an s or x, or by substituting –aux for –al. Making French nouns plural, however, takes a different tack when it comes to family names and nouns that end in –s, –x, or –z. In French grammar, here’s how you turn a singular noun into a plural noun:

For most nouns, you add -s to the end. For example: résultat (result) becomes résultats (results); fleur (flower) becomes fleurs (flowers).

Nouns that end in -au take -x in the plural. For example: bateau (boat) becomes bateaux (boats), and manteau (overcoat) becomes manteaux (overcoats).

Most nouns that end in -ou take -s in the plural, but some take -x. For example: chou (cabbage) becomes choux (cabbages), and bijou (jewel) becomes bijoux (jewels).

Nouns that end in -al drop that ending and use -aux in the plural. For example: journal (newspaper) becomes journaux (newspapers); animal (animal) becomes animaux (animals).

Nouns that end in -s, -x, or -z when they’re singular don’t change in the plural; you simply change the accompanying article. For example: un Français (a Frenchman) remains des Français (Frenchmen), and un virus (a virus) remains des virus (viruses).

Family names aren’t pluralized in French. For example, the Martins lose the -s in French but keep the article: Les Martin.

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