Prepositions – Lessons 1 through 3

Study Tip – Read about “Grit”

http://thankyoubrain.blogspot.com/2014/12/grits-role-in-learning.html

https://quizlet.com/24485200/duolingo-french-prepositions-to-english-flash-cards/

Vocabulary

À – At
Dans – In
Pour – For
Au – to
Par – for
Sur – on/upon
Sûr – sure
Aux – to
sans – without
entre – to enter (I/he/she/it)
sous – under
vers – to/toward
chez – home
contre – against / for
depuis – since
pendant – while/as/during
dès – from
derrière – behind
selon – by/according to
travers – through

Sentences

À bientôt mon homme – See you soon my man
À cause de ton serpent – Because of your snake
À travers la pomme – Through the apple
Avec ou sans eau – With or without water
C’est à cause de ce loup – There is because of the wolf
C’est à cause de notre liaison – It is because of our love affair
Combien pour ce chapeau rouge? How much for that red hat?
D’Aprés elle, elle est jolie – In her opinion, she is pretty
D’Aprés elle, son enfant est parfait – According to her, her child is perfect
D’Aprés la femme, oui et non – According to the women, yes or no
D’Aprés les enfants, non – According to the children, no
D’Aprés nous, ils sont mauvais – In our opinion they are bad
D’Aprés nous, ils sont méchants – In our opinion they are bad
Dès qu’il boit, il est mauvais – As soon as he drinks, he is bad
Elle lit depuis qu’elle est jeune – She has read since she was young
Elle lit un livre aux femmes – She reads a book to the women
En scéne! On stage!
Est-ce que tu as les recettes de légumes – Do you have the vegetable recipes?
Il aime boire son café sans sucre – He likes to drink his coffee without any sugar
Il aime boire son café sans sucre. – He likes to drink his coffee without sugar
Il angoissea à cause de garçon – He worries because of that boy
Il est cacher – He is hiding
Il mange de la nourriture – They are eating food
Il met des légumes dans la soupe – He is putting some vegetables in the soup
Il se cache – He is hiding
Il vous regarde – He looks like you
Il écrit aux filles et aux garçons – He writes to the girls and boys
Il va vers l’est – He goes to the east.
Ils parlent en japonais – They speak in Japanese
J’attends une lettre d’elle – I await a letter from her
Je crois en mon père – I believe in my father
Je mange un sandwich au fromage – I eat a cheese sandwich
Je préfère les roses blanches aux rouges – I prefer white roses to red ones
Je suis beau depuis que je suis jeune – I have been pretty since I was young
Je vais vers la fille – I am going toward the girl
Je veux une chemise contre une jupe – I want a shirt for a skirt
Je vois à travers – I see through it
L’araignée est sous le fromage? Is the spider under the cheese?
La chemise est sous le pantalon – The shirt is under the pants
La fille boit du jus d’orange – The girl drinks orange juice
La fille est chez elle – The girl is at home
L’araigné est-elle derrière le fromage? Is the spider behind the cheese?
Le chat marche sur ma jupe – The cat walks over my skirt
Le lion est derrière l’éléphant – The lion is behind the elephant
Le loup est à côté de la femme – The wolf is next to the woman
Le garçon a une pomme dans sa poche – The boy has an apple in his pocket
Le poulet est pour qui? For whom is the chicken?
Les chiennes voient en noir et blanc – The dogs see in black and white
L’homme at the femme out autant de poisson – The man and women have as much fish
Merci pour les belles fleurs – Thanks for the beautiful flowers
Mon canard dort sur ma chemise – My duck sleeps on tops of my shirt
Nous sommes entre femmes – We are among women
Nous sommes entre hommes – We are among men
Par quel moyen? – By which means?
Pendant que tu lis ton livre, j’écris une letter – As you read your book, I write a letter
Pour elle ou contre elle – For her or against her
Quel est son nom? What is his name?
Selon elle, ces garçons veulent ma chemise – According to her, these boys want my shirt
Sommes-nous sûrs de ceci? We are sure of this
Sur quoi? Over what?
Tu bois de l’eau – You drink water
Tu vas manger des baguettes au café – You are going to eat baguettes at the café
Tu vas vers le cheval – You go towards the horse
Un singe marche derrière sa femme – A monkey is walking behind his wife.
Un œuf par enfant – One egg per child
Vous lisez dans la nuit – You are reading at night

Notes

Prepositions are words which link two related parts of a sentence. In this module, you may get frustrated with the variety of uses for the French prepositions “à” and “de”. Generally speaking, “à” means to, at, or in, while “de” means of or from. There are many other uses for them, however. A list is found here:

http://french.about.com/library/prepositions/bl_prep_a_vs_de.htm

For  other preposition related topics, go here:

http://french.about.com/od/prepositions/

To review your vocabulary, try this interesting (free) site:

http://www.languagecourse.net/en/french-vocabulary.php

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