Concept Test #32 – Present/Past Participle

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adj9.html

Fill in the blank with either the present participle or the past participle of the verb given in parentheses. Do not forget to make the participle agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies.

  1. Corey : J’ai trop travaillé! Je suis __________. (épuiser =’to tire’)
  2. Corey : Lire des livres, c’est __________ ! (épuiser =’to tire’)
  3. Tammy : Ce film d’horreur est ___________ ! (effrayer = ‘to frighten’)
  4. Tammy : J’ai mes examens en ce moment, je suis très _________. (stresser = ‘to stress’)
  5. Les examens, c’est __________. (stresser = ‘to stress’)
  6. Tammy : Tex tu es insupportable! Tu es ___________! (exaspérer = ‘to exasperate’)
  7. Tammy est très _____________ de tous ses amis. (apprécier = ‘to appreciate’)
  8. Tex est un poète mal ____________. (comprendre = ‘to understand’)
  9. Edouard et Tex ont bu trop de café. Ils sont ___________. (énerver = ‘to annoy’)
  10. Le livre de Tex est ______________! (captiver = ‘to captivate’)
  11. Bette est ___________ que Tex soit amoureux de Tammy. (étonner = ‘to astonish’)
  12. Tammy est une tatou ____________. (amuser)

The rules:

  • The present participles and past participles of verbs are often used as adjectives, so they have to agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies.
  • Similar to English –ing ending words. i.e. interesting book
  • The present participle is formed by dropping the -ons ending from the nous form in the present tense and adding –ant.
  • Past participle formation depends on the verb class (-er, -ir, -re, or irregular). For regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -er, the past participle is formed by replacing the final -er of the infinitive with –é, an infinitive ending in -ir is formed by dropping the final -r from the infinitive, an infinitive ending in -re is formed by replacing the final -re of the infinitive with –u. There are many irregular past participles.
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