Essay – Le cours de jardin Mittleider

Je lis, « Le cours de jardin Mittleider », et c’est incroyable. Jacob Mittleider est un expert en jardinage qui a voyagé dans 27 pays différents. En 1964, il a travaillé avec l’Université de Californie pour enseigner sa méthode de jardinage aux personnes du Moyen-Orient, de l’Afrique, de l’Inde, de l’Australie, du Sud-Est asiatique et du Pacifique Sud.

I am reading the Mittleider Gardening Course, and it is unbelievable. Jacob Mittleider is a gardening expert who traveled to 27 different countries. In 1964, he worked with the University of California, to teach his method of gardening to people in the Middle East, Africa, India, Australia, Southeast Asia, and the South Pacific.

Il a trouvé que les maladies, les insectes et les carences nutritionnelles étaient similaires dans tous les pays. Pendant 50 ans, il a raffiné ses méthodes pour permettre à quelconque jardinier, n’importe où, de cultiver quelconque culture dans presque n’importe sol, dans quelconque n’importe climat. Plus je lis, plus je suis étonné. Il est mon mentor du jardinage.

He found that the diseases, insects and nutritional deficiencies were similar in all countries. For 50 years he refined his methods to allow any gardener, anywhere, to grow any crop in almost any soil, in any climate. The more I read, the more astounded I become. He is my gardening mentor.

Follow-up: The method has many interesting aspects, and at first seems to be far too unconventional to work. There are two precise measurements that the garden beds must be, and they must be straight and level. The dimensions make it easier to apply a certain amount of fertilizer each week, and the water should be evenly applied to this level bed, so that it is also equally distributed. As the video discusses, the soil is a combination of sawdust and sand, and therefore the only nutrients given to the plants comes from a very specific fertilizer mix. The sawdust and sand growing bed is first given a “Pre-Planting” feed mix.

The Recipe:

  • 20 lbs. Garden Lime* (agricultural/dolomitic)
  • 1 lb. Epsom Salt
  • ¼ lb. (4 oz.) Borax

The ingredients are mixed in a large container and stored in an airtight container such as a 5 gallon bucket with a tight fitting lid. There is then a weekly application of another recipe:

  • 25 pounds 16-16-16 NPK (Nitrogen/Phosphorus/Potassium) of All Purpose Fertilizer (13-13-13 up to 17-17-17 will work)
  • 4 pounds Epsom Salts
  • One (10 ounce) packet of Mittleider Micronutrients (can be ordered on the Internet from the website).
  • 3 pounds garden lime/gypsum or 1/2 cup Perlite to control moisture

The soil is meant to prevent temperature fluctuations that affect the roots, while also holding water and nutrients for a slow-release. Once you create a soil bed with this method, you do not need to amend the soil or replace it. You use the same beds year after year, so once you get the method right, the following years will see similar results with less effort.

The major elements of the fertilizer mix are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Secondary elements include calcium, sulfur and magnesium. Trace elements are provided as well, from the Mittleider mix, such as Zinc, Boron, Manganese, Iron, Copper, Chloride and Molybdenum. That’s the 13 nutrient elements needed by plants that the method sites. Other methods may list carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nickel and cobalt as essential.


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