Verbs: Gerund – Lesson 1 

The present participle modifies a noun, whereas the gerund expresses something related to a verb.

J’ai vu Luc sortant de l’école.
I saw Luc leaving the school (I saw him as he was leaving)
> The noun Luc is modified, so sortant is the present participle.

J’ai vu Luc en sortant de l’école.
I saw Luc upon leaving the school (I saw him when I was leaving)
> The verb saw is modified, so en sortant is the gerund.

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/presentparticiple_2.htm

Vocabulary

Ayant – being
Étant – is/was
Faisant – making
Disant – saying
Agissant – acting
Mange – eating

Sentences

Ayant de la chance, tu aimes le danger – Being lucky, you love danger
Ayant de la chance, vous aimez le danger – Being lucky, you love danger
Ce qui signifie que je peux partir en vous disant adieu – Which means that I can leave telling you goodbye
Ce qui veut dire que je peux partir en te disant au revoir – Which means that I can leave telling you goodbye
Cela a marché en disant la vérité – It worked by telling the truth
Donc ça a marché en disant la vérité – So it worked by telling the truth
En agissant seul, il doit faire attention – By acting alone, he must be careful
En agissant seule, elle doit faire attention – By acting alone, she must be careful
En faisant manger des legumes aux enfants? Making children eat vegetables?
Étant un enfant, il est gentil – Being a child, he is nice
Étant un enfant, il est petit – Being a child, he is small
Il rend les enfants heureux, en leur faisant manger des frites – He makes the children happy, by having them eat French fries
Il va nous tuer en agissant comme ça – He is going to kill us by acting like that
Il rend les enfants heureux, en leur faisant manger des légumes – He makes the children happy, making them eat some vegetables
J’aime lire, chaque magazine étant intéressant – I like to read, each magazine that’s interesting
J’aime manger, chaque repas étant intéressant – I like to eat, each meal that’s interesting
L’animal meurt, en étant mange par le lion – The animal dies, being eaten by the lion
Les animaux ayant mangé vont dormir – The animals having eaten go to sleep
Les enfants ayant mangé, ils sont allés dormir – The children having eaten, they have gone to sleep
Les hommes, ayant mangé, sont allés dormir – The men, having eaten, have gone to sleep
L’oiseau est mort, en étant mange par le chat – The bird is dead, being eaten by the cat
On ne peut pas vivre en ayant peur de mourir – You cannot live being afraid to die

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