Concept Test #32 – Present/Past Participle

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/adj9.html

Fill in the blank with either the present participle or the past participle of the verb given in parentheses. Do not forget to make the participle agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies.

  1. Corey : J’ai trop travaillé! Je suis __________. (épuiser =’to tire’)
  2. Corey : Lire des livres, c’est __________ ! (épuiser =’to tire’)
  3. Tammy : Ce film d’horreur est ___________ ! (effrayer = ‘to frighten’)
  4. Tammy : J’ai mes examens en ce moment, je suis très _________. (stresser = ‘to stress’)
  5. Les examens, c’est __________. (stresser = ‘to stress’)
  6. Tammy : Tex tu es insupportable! Tu es ___________! (exaspérer = ‘to exasperate’)
  7. Tammy est très _____________ de tous ses amis. (apprécier = ‘to appreciate’)
  8. Tex est un poète mal ____________. (comprendre = ‘to understand’)
  9. Edouard et Tex ont bu trop de café. Ils sont ___________. (énerver = ‘to annoy’)
  10. Le livre de Tex est ______________! (captiver = ‘to captivate’)
  11. Bette est ___________ que Tex soit amoureux de Tammy. (étonner = ‘to astonish’)
  12. Tammy est une tatou ____________. (amuser)

The rules:

  • The present participles and past participles of verbs are often used as adjectives, so they have to agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies.
  • Similar to English –ing ending words. i.e. interesting book
  • The present participle is formed by dropping the -ons ending from the nous form in the present tense and adding –ant.
  • Past participle formation depends on the verb class (-er, -ir, -re, or irregular). For regular verbs with an infinitive ending in -er, the past participle is formed by replacing the final -er of the infinitive with –é, an infinitive ending in -ir is formed by dropping the final -r from the infinitive, an infinitive ending in -re is formed by replacing the final -re of the infinitive with –u. There are many irregular past participles.
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Concept Test #31 – Present Participle

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/vpp1.html

Give the present participle of the verb indicated in parentheses.

  1. Tex mange en ______ la poésie. (écrire)
  2. Tammy chante en ______ dans le parc. (se promener)
  3. Tex et Edouard boivent en ______ le match de foot. (regarder)
  4. Fiona écoute de la musique en ______ ses devoirs. (faire)
  5. Corey et Joe-Bob regarde la télé en ______ . (étudier)
  6. Joe-Bob siffle en ______ de la guitare. (jouer)
  7. Edouard parle aux clients en ______ les repas. (servir)
  8. Bette embrasse Tex en ______ . (sortir)
  9. Tex réfléchit en ______ la bouteille de vin. (ouvrir)
  10. Tammy lit en ______ l’escalier. (descendre)
  11. Corey tremble en ______ la vérité. (dire)
  12. Bette se fâche en ______ Tammy. (entendre)

The rules:

  • The present participles and past participles of verbs are often used as adjectives, similar to English –ing ending words.
  • The present participle is formed by dropping the -ons ending from the nous form in the present tense and adding –ant.
  • Only three verbs, être, avoir and savoir, have irregular present participles.
  • The present participle can be used to modify a noun, similar in meaning to either a relative clause with qui + conjugated verb or a relative clause with puisque.
  • En + present participle, commonly known as the gerund form, is used to indicate that two actions are simultaneously performed by the same subject. This corresponds to the English ‘while’, ‘upon’, or ‘by’.
  • Tout en + present participle is used to stress that two actions are simultaneous (and sometimes contradictory). Remember to make the liaison between tout and en.