Concept Test #79 – Subject/Verb Inversion Questions

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/int3.html

Rewrite each question in the present tense, using subject/verb inversion.

  1. Bette : Tammy! Fiona! Vous dansez à ma soirée?
  2. Tex : Hé Tammy, tu adores le chocolat?
  3. Corey : Les insectes sont intelligents?
  4. Edouard : Tammy aime la France?
  5. Tammy : Tex et moi, nous allons en France cet été?
  6. Bette : Tex a du talent?
  7. Tex : Tammy ma chérie, tu n’as pas envie d’habiter avec moi?
  8. Tammy : Les chattes mangent des souris (‘mice’)?
  9. Joe-Bob : Un écureuil aime être amoureux?
  10. Tammy : Hé Joe-Bob, tu parles français?
  11. Il y a des cowboys au Texas?
  12. C’est difficile d’apprendre le français?

The rules:

  • Formal questions may be asked by reversing the subject pronoun/verb order and linking the two with a hyphen. You may have already seen inversion in fixed expressions like the following greetings: ‘Comment allez-vous?’, ‘Comment vous appelez-vous?’, ‘Quelle heure est-il?’.
  • In the third person singular, when the verb ends in a vowel, a -t- is added to make the liaison possible.
  • When the subject is a proper name or noun, the corresponding subject pronoun (il, elle, ils, or elles) is added for inversion with the verb.
  • The inverted forms of ‘c’est’ and ‘il y a’ are est-ce and y a-t-il.
  • Ne precedes the conjugated verb and the second half of the negative (pas, jamais, plus, etc.) follows the pronoun.
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Concept Test #78 – Yes or No? (est-ce que, n’est-ce pas)

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/int2.html

Rewrite each question using the form specified in parentheses, est-ce que or n’est-ce pas.

  1. Bette : Tammy, tu aimes Tex? (n’est-ce pas)
  2. Tex : Tammy, tu n’aimes pas Bette? (est-ce que)
  3. Corey : Vous dansez ce soir? (est-ce que)
  4. Edouard : On joue aux cartes aujourd’hui? (n’est-ce pas)
  5. Tammy : Nous étudions ce soir? (n’est-ce pas)
  6. Tammy : Tex aime Bette? (est-ce que)
  7. Tex : Je suis un génie? (n’est-ce pas)
  8. Bette : Tex et Tammy voyagent ensemble? (est-ce que)
  9. Joe-Bob : On mange à MacDo? (n’est-ce pas)
  10. Tammy : Ils habitent Jester? (n’est-ce pas)
  11. Bette : Tammy ne parle pas italien? (est-ce que)
  12. Joe-Bob : Nous regardons la télé aujourd’hui? (est-ce que)

The rules:

  • An easy way to ask a question is with intonation.
  • Another way to ask a yes/no question is to place est-ce que before a statement. Note that que becomes qu’ before a vowel.
  • N’est-ce pas? is added to the end of a yes/no question when the speaker expects an affirmative response.
  • Si is used to answer ‘yes’ to a negative question.

Questions – Lessons 1 through 3

You may complete this in a single day, if you’ve been exposed to French question words before, but I’ll give you two days. Try this quiz, if you think you already know the questions words in French:

http://ielanguages.com/exercises/frquestion.htm

If you have never been exposed to the words, watch this video:

https://quizlet.com/45671682/duolingo-french-questions-flash-cards/

Vocabulary

Que – what
Où – where
Quand – when
Quoi – why/what
Pourquoi – why
Comment – how
Laquelle – which one (fem)
Quelle – which (fem)
qu’ – what (before vowel)
combien – How many
lesquels – which ones (masc pl)
lesquelles – which ones (fem pl.)
quell – which (masc)
que – what
qui – who
lequel – which one (masc)

Question French
Who? Qui?
What? Quoi?
Why? Porquoi?
How? Comment?
How Many? Combien?
When? Quand?
Which? Quel? (Masculine), Quelle? (Feminine),Quels? (Masc Pl)Quelles? (Fem Pl)
Which One? Laquel (Masculine), Laquelle (Feminine),Laquels (Masc Pl)Laquelles (Fem Pl)
Where? Où?

Sentences

C’est quoi? What is that?
Combien sont-ils? How many are they?
Comment? How?
Comment est ton papa? How is your father?
Comment manges-tu le poulet? How do you eat the chicken?
Comment va votre mère ? How is your mother?
Comment va ta femme? How is your wife?
Des pommes? Lesquelles? Some apples? Which ones?
Elle a quelle robe? – Which dress does she have?
Est-ce qu’il a une sœur? Does he have a sister?
Est-ce qu’ils écrivent un livre? Do they write a book?
Est-ce que c’est un oiseau? Is that a bird?
Est-ce que la chemise du bébé a des poches ?  Does the baby’s shirt have pockets?
Est-ce que ma chemise est verte? Is my shirt green?
Est-ce que tu es nouveau? Are you new?
Est-ce que votre chemise est jaune? Is your shirt yellow?
Il mange ma nourriture, pourquoi? He eats my food, why?
J’aime laquelle? Which do I like?
Laquelle est notre voiture? Which one is our car?
Laquelle est tour voiture? Which one is your car?
Laquelle est la bonne? Which one is good?
Lequel a un chapeau? Which one has a hat?
Lesquels sont verts? Which are green?
Lesquels sont vos enfants? Which ones are your children?
Lesquels? Which ones?
Mes roses, lesquelles? My roses, which ones?
Où est ma jupe? Where is my skirt?
Où est mon livre? Where is my book?
Où est sa robe? Where is her dress?
Où et avec qui? Where and with whom?
Où sont les filles? Where are the girls?
Où sont les garçons? Where are the boys?
Où sont les chaussures? Where are the shoes?
Où sont mes chaussures vertes? Where are my green shoes?
Où va-t-il (elle)? Where does he (she) go?
Où sont tes yeux? Where are your eyes?
Pourquoi manges-tu du pain? Why do you eat bread?
Qu’a-t-elle? What does she have?
Qu’est-ce que je suis? What am I?
Qu’est-ce? What is that?
Quand lit-elle? When does she read?
Quand manges-tu du pain? When do you eat some bread?
Quand? When?
Que boivent les hommes ? What do the men drink?
Que lisent les enfants? What do the children read?
Que suis-je? What am I?
Que mangent les filles? What do the girls eat?
Quel cheval est noir? Which horse is black?
Quel enfant? Which child?
Quel est ton chapeau? Which hat is yours?
Quelle lettre? Which letter?
Quelles chaussures? Which shoes?
Quelles sont mes jupes? Which are my skirts?
Quelles sont tes chaussures? Which are your shoes? (familiar)
Quelles sont vos chaussures? Which are your shoes? (unfamiliar)
Qu’est-ce que les hommes boivent? What do the men drink?
Qu’est-ce qu’il y a? What is it? What is wrong?
Qui est riche? Who is rich?
Qui lit? Who is reading?
Qui sont-elles? Who are they?
Qui suis-je? Who am I?
Quoi, pourquoi et comment? What, why and how?
Quoi? What?
Tu es quoi? What are you?
Vous êtes nouveau? Are you new?

Notes

This is one of the modules you should redo often, because as a traveler among French speakers, you will be asking them a lot of questions. You may get frustrated with the interchangeable use of “quoi” and “que”, both meaning “what?”

You should read this post:

http://french.about.com/od/mistakes/a/what.htm