Concept Test #80 – Relative Pronouns

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/pror3.html

Fill in the blank with the correct relative pronoun: dont, où, lequel, ce dont or ce à quoi.

  1. Tammy : Lyon est la ville _______ Tex a grandi.
  2. Joe-Bob : Je n’ai pas lu le livre _______ tu parles.
  3. Tex : Le roman dans ________ Marie-Tammy apparaît s’appelle Guerre et amour.
  4. Fiona : Le garçon ______ Bette est amoureuse est …Tex!
  5. Bette : _________ je parle n’a rien à voir avec Tex.
  6. Tammy : Tex, tu sais ___________ je pense?
  7. Tammy : Voici l’endroit _____ je veux me marier, Tex!
  8. Tammy : Tex, tu es le tatou avec _______ je veux me marier!
  9. Paw-Paw est un ancien combattant, ______ Tex est très fier.
  10. Trey : Les chansons ________ je suis l’auteur sont au TOP20.
  11. Tex : Tu me demandes __________ je réfléchis? A mon prochain poème bien sûr!
  12. Tammy : Le béret ______ j’ai fait cadeau à Tex est superbe.

The rules:

  • Use dont if the subordinate clause needs an object introduced by de/d’.
  • The relative pronouns lequel, laquelle, lesquels, and lesquelles (which) are used when the relative clause is introduced by a preposition other than de/d’.
  • Dont often indicates possession; ‘whose’ is its English equivalent
  • The relative pronoun où means ‘where, in which, on which.‘
  • Use où if the subordinate clause needs an object indicating location introduced by dans, à, sur, sous.
  • When où is used after adverbs of time, où means ‘when.’
  • Use ce dont if the subordinate clause needs an object introduced by de.
  • Use ce + preposition + quoi when the subordinate clause needs an object introduced by a preposition other than de.
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Relative Pronouns

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/relativepronouns.htm

http://frenchcrazy.com/2013/12/french-relative-pronouns-dont-qui-que-lequel-ou.html/

In French, we have relative pronouns such as que, qui, dont, lequel, and où…that link a dependent/relative clause to a main clause.

Qui can refer to people or things and is used as the subject of a dependent clause. Because qui becomes the subject of the sentence it is always followed by a conjugated verb and must agree in number with the antecedent it is referring to.

On critique les films qui montrent trop de nudité.

Que also refers to people or things, but it is used as the direct object of a clause, so que is always followed by a subject and not a verb. Unlike qui, with que you make an elision with a vowel and remove the “e” (see the next example).

L’actrice française qu’il adore s’appelle Clara Ponsot.

Dont refers to either people or things, dont replaces de + an object in a relative clause. Some expressions in French automatically have de attached to it, hence the usage of dont is required here. For example, parler de (to speak of), avoir besoin de (to need), and avoir peur de (to fear).

Le livre dont nous parlons est Les Misérables.

Lequel (and all of its forms) replace a preposition (other than de) and a thing/object in a relative clause. Make sure that the pronoun agrees in both number and gender to whatever it is describing.

Une langue est un prisme à travers lequel ses usagers sont condamnés à voir le monde.

is the relative pronoun that is used to denote a place or a time. It’s most common translation is “where.”

Je me rappelle le jour où il m’a embrassé pour la première fois. .