Verb Conjugation Cheat Sheets

The post that receives the most hits on this and my other language blogs, is always the one that contains a picture of a verb conjugation timeline. You know the one….

I actually put this together using multiple sources in Excel, and took a screen shot. I recently discovered that I could post spreadsheets on the blog, so here is my collection…when you click it, the spreadsheet is downloaded.

tense-cheat-sheets

I have not finished my Spanish version though, so if you do, please copy me on it. It is difficult to improve on this version though. If you are a teacher or instructor, and have an idea on how to rearrange, change, add/subtract or modify in some other way, please do so…and think about sending me a copy by making a comment. I’ll see your e-mail address on the comment and make a request. Likewise, if you make one in another language (like Portuguese), send me a copy.

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Verb Review with Timelines

plus-que-parfait (pluperfect/past perfect) past event that occurred before another past event Tu avais écouté ce disque avant de le condamner ?
imparfait

(imperfect)

lost habit, action likely not to happen J’avais l’habitude de prendre le bus.
passé composé

(present perfect)

past action, something isolated and finished, long term completed action J’ai étudié à l’université pendant 4 ans.
prèsent action happening now, general truth, ongoing habit J’écris un article.
futur antérieur

(future perfect/future past)

future action that will happen before another future action Marie sera partie quand tu arriveras
futur proche action that will happen at a point in time in the future, “is going to…” Je vais prendre le petit déjeuner plus tard.
futur (future simple) action that will happen L’homme parlera à la femme.
conditionnel passé

(past conditional)

could, should, would action L’homme aurait pu explorer la forêt.
conditionnel présent

(present conditional)

wish, action that could have happened but didn’t L’homme aimerait escalader la montagne.
impératif

(present imperative)

strong suggestion, an order Marchez !
subjonctif

(present subjunctive)

action preceded by “I need to…” (il faut que), or “I would like you to…” Il faut que j’ailles en ville.

 

timeline1

timeline2

timeline3

Since I realize that people like the one page graphics, the three pictures above are combined to yield this….

french-tense-timeline

These timelines were combined with conjugation matrices, and individual explanations of the tenses, to create a PDF, which I have found very helpful. I make the same mistakes, over and over, in French, because I translate instead of creating the verb tense, understanding how the French perceive time and event sequences. I posted this PDF, but the hyperlinks do not appear to work on-line, as they do off-line. Do with it what you will.

french-verb-tense-timeline2

 

 

Memorizing French Tenses – Review and Self-Test

If given a matrix to complete, of all eight tenses, could you recall and use the memory keys to fill in the matrix?

Tense

Translation Je Tu

Il/Elle

Past Conditional
Pluperfect
Passé Composé
Imperfect
Present
Future
Conditional
Future Perfect

Tense

Translation Nous Vous

Ils/Elles

Past Conditional
Pluperfect
Passé Composé
Imperfect
Present
Future
Conditional
Future Perfect

For learning present tense, you should simply practice a lot. This site allows you to do just that:

http://www.listeningpractice.org/conjugator.php

Note: Answers to test follow….scroll down to see how you did (but don’t cheat)

This was my personal attempt. I focused on some standard memorization (present tense) but also worked on  knowing my mnemonic phrases and the way each mnemonic phrase visually keys everything I need to recall the conjugations. BTW, I threw in a few extra tenses:

Future (futur simple) – The future will be infinity and bey-on-d!

future-option

Past Future/Future Perfect (futur anterieur) – The past and future will have a perfect EZ aura. Que sera, sera.

past-future1

Pluperfect/Past Perfect (plus-que-parfait) – Ava had flown Avions to the EU, and the ETA was pluperfect, EZ and convenient.

past-perfect

Past Simple (passé  simple) – Simple paid past-times, test a rented SST

past-simple

Imperfect (imparfait) – She was eating a parfait, it is imperfect, how I-ronic.

imperfect1

Present Perfect (passé composé) – A composer says, “I have spoken!”, to his Avon selling son.

present-perfect

Past Conditional/Conditional Perfect (conditionnel parfait) – Laura is conditionally perfect in the past.

conditional-perfect1

Present Conditional (conditionnel present) – Ain’t present conditions Infinite and EZ!

conditional-present1

A lot can be learned by doing this exercise. You may have noticed that past tenses and perfect tenses, contain a past participle. Imperfect does not, and neither do future tenses. Why would they? It’s past participle. You may argue that future perfect shouldn’t, but there is an element of the past in this tense, so it makes sense to me.

Tense

Translation Je Tu

Il/Elle

Past Conditional would have spoken j’aurais parlé tu aurais parlé il aurait parlé
Pluperfect had spoken j’avais parlé tu avais parlé il avait parlé
Passé Composé have spoken j’ais parlé tu as parlé il a parlé
Imperfect was speaking, spoke je parlais tu parlais il parlait
Present speak je parle tu parles il parle
Future will speak je parlerai tu parleras il parlera
Conditional would speak je parlerais tu parlerais il parlerait
Future Perfect will have spoken j’aurai parlé tu auras parlé il aura parlé

Tense

Translation Nous Vous

Ils/Elles

Past Conditional would have spoken nous aurions parlé vous auriez parlé ils auraient parlé
Pluperfect had spoken nous avions parlé vous aviez parlé ils avaient parlé
Passé Composé have spoken nous avons parlé vous avez parlé ils ont parlé
Imperfect was speaking, spoke nous parlions vous parliez ils parlaient
Present speak nous parlons vous parlez ils parlent
Future will speak nous parlerons vous parlerez ils parleront
Conditional would speak nous parlerions vous parleriez ils parleraient
Future Perfect will have spoken nous aurons parlé vous aurez parlé ils auront parlé

I hope these mnemonics have helped or inspired you to create your own. If I was allowed to bring one piece of paper into a real French test, I would have these visual mnemonics on one side, and the overview…

frenchtenses171 (2)

french-tense-timeline

on the other side. Another way viewing these visual mnemonics, next to an actual conjugation page, would look like this:

Tense Matching

Memorizing For Written Exams – Future

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/future.htm

Future tense (indicatif futur simple) talks about upcoming events. While the French future tense has a full set of conjugations, the English equivalent is just the modal verb “will” + main verb.

Mnemonic (Key Phrase) – The future will be infinity and bey-on-d!

future-option

Associations – On a test, they may ask you to choose from a selection of conjugations, and ask which conjugation is the Future tense. Our key phrase tells us the future translates as “will” and uses the entire infinitive and then adds letters to finish conjugating. The phrase also has -on- written in this manner, in it to attempt to remind us that “they” has a unique ending in future tenses. Instead of the usual -ient, or -aient, future tenses have -ont.

The -er, -ir, -re verbs all have the same pattern. Here we will conjugate “parler” (to speak):

future – je parlerai, tu parleras, il parlera, nous parlerons, vous parlerez, ils parleront

Here we will conjugate “venir” (to come), and pouvoir (to be able to ) which are both a bit irregular:

future – je viendrai, tu viendras, il viendra, nous viendrons, vous viendrez, ils viendront

future – je pourrai, tu pourras, il pourra, nous pourrons, vous pourrez, ils pourront

If you would like to have some specific run time conjugating in the future tense, go to this site, choose French, then select Future tense, and whichever verb group you wish to practice:

http://www.listeningpractice.org/conjugator.php

Complete the quiz below, and when you have completed it correctly, you will have mastered future.

https://www.laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/taf2.html

For Kindle users, I have listed the questions, with the correct answers below (scroll down after writing down your answers, to see the questions and answers).

Questions

1. Tex et Tammy ______ ensemble. (partir)
2. Tammy ______ ses études. (finir)
3.  J’ ______ un livre. (écrire)
4. Tammy: Je ______ les habitudes de Tex. (comprendre)
5. Tammy: Tex et moi, nous ______ beaucoup. (voyager)
6. Tex: Mes neveux, vous ______ la philosophie! (aimer)
7. Tammy: Tex, tu ______ la table, n’est-ce pas? (mettre)
8. right/wrong Tammy ______ sans cesse. (chanter)
9. Joe-Bob ______ des cours faciles. (suivre)
10. Tex: Bette, est-ce que tu ______ Tammy? (respecter)
11. right/wrong Joe-Bob ______ pendant quatre jours. (dormir)
12. Tammy et Bette ______ . (se téléphoner)

Questions with Answers

1. Tex et Tammy ______ ensemble. (partir)
correct answer: partiront
2. Tammy ______ ses études. (finir)
correct answer: finira
3.  J’ ______ un livre. (écrire)
correct answer: écrirai
4. Tammy: Je ______ les habitudes de Tex. (comprendre)
correct answer: comprendrai
5. Tammy: Tex et moi, nous ______ beaucoup. (voyager)
correct answer: voyagerons
6. Tex: Mes neveux, vous ______ la philosophie! (aimer)
correct answer: aimerez
7. Tammy: Tex, tu ______ la table, n’est-ce pas? (mettre)
correct answer: mettras
8. right/wrong Tammy ______ sans cesse. (chanter)
correct answer: chantera
9. Joe-Bob ______ des cours faciles. (suivre)
correct answer: suivra
10. Tex: Bette, est-ce que tu ______ Tammy? (respecter)
correct answer: respecteras
11. right/wrong Joe-Bob ______ pendant quatre jours. (dormir)
correct answer: dormira
12. Tammy et Bette ______ . (se téléphoner)
correct answer: se téléphoneront

Some future simple verb conjugations:

être avoir envoyer
je serai j’aurai j’enverrai
tu seras tu auras tu enverras
il sera il aura il enverra
nous serons nous aurons nous enverrons
vous serez vous aurez vous enverrez
ils seront ils auront ils enverront
voir faire savoir
je verrai je ferai je saurai
tu verras tu feras tu sauras
il verra il fera il  saura
nous verrons nous ferons nous saurons
vous verrez vous ferez vous saurez
ils verront ils feront ils sauront
valoir aller venir
je vaudrai j’irai je viendrai
tu vaudras tu iras tu viendras
il vaudra il ira il viendra
nous vaudrons nous irons nous viendrons
vous vaudrez vous irez vous viendrez
ils vaudront ils iront ils viendront
pouvoir vouloir tenir
je pourrai je voudrai je tiendrai
tu pourras tu voudras tu tiendras
il pourra il voudra il tiendra
nous pourrons nous voudrons nous tiendrons
vous pourrez vous voudrez vous tiendrez
ils pourront ils voudront ils tiendront

Visual Mnemonics for French Verb Tenses – Overview

Recently I challenged myself to put to rest the doubts that I had, about being able to recognize verb tenses. I decided to go with visual mnemonics. I have added these pictures to the prior posts on the topic, and any comments and improvements are welcome.

My goal is to establish links between the words themselves, and the tense, while at the same time creating a mnemonic sentence that a student can write down during a test. This sentence actually contains the keys to solving the conjugation of a verb in that tense. The challenge is not to create a sentence which can somehow be confused for another tense or conjugation sequence.

Future (futur simple) – The future will be infinity and bey-on-d!

future-option

This phrase is familiar to anyone that has ever seen Buzz Lightyear in any of the Toy Story movies, with a slight variation. Although it is intuitive that “will be” is in the future, the color lands your eye next to “infinity” which represents the infinitive of the verb. This tells you that the conjugation will contain the complete verb “parler”, reinforced by the matching color. To help with conjugations, the picture shows Nous and Ils, being linked to the “on” in beyond, using colors. The problem with “ai”, “as”, “a” and “ez”, is solved by having them aligned under “infinity” and the first two letters underlined visually remind the user that the remaining conjugations are limited to two letters.

Past Future/Future Perfect (futur anterieur) – The past and future will have a perfect EZ aura. Que sera, sera.

past-future1

Since we’re in the future, lets talk about the other future conjugation, the past future, future past, futur anterieur, whatever you wish to classify “will have”. The mnemonic contains both tense elements and the theme is consistent, promising “perfect” to trigger the inclusion of the past participle. An EZ aura, triggers the beginning and endings for many of the conjugations. Since the auxiliary verb could also be “to be”, a simple reminder that whatever will be, will be…(a song made famous in America by Doris Day…look it up), gives us the conjugations of Être.

Pluperfect/Past Perfect (plus-que-parfait) – Ava had flown Avions to the EU, and the ETA was pluperfect, EZ and convenient.

past-perfect

The pluperfect is the tense which gave me the most trouble when conjugating. It doesn’t help that it is also known as the Past Perfect (which means it contains the past participle element, which means there are two auxiliary verb conjugations to worry about). There are two words which anchor the mnemonic, Avions and Pluperfect. Either one, for me, triggers the entire mnemonic, which in turn solves the riddle of the conjugation, and the English equivalents. All of the other “perfect” tenses (the ones that use the past particle) can also use the orange irregular past particles seen in this picture (keyed using EU…), but I call the irregular out in this picture because it’s the perfect tense where I most often encountered the irregular past participles.

Past Simple (passé  simple) – Simple paid past-times, test a rented SST

past-simple

This was the most difficult mnemonic to create, and also the most intricate one. This mnemonic is not as intuitive as the others, and may require you to use it several times before it’s automatic. The mnemonic does contain all of the conjugations for -er verbs, as seen by the colors. The ending triggers the peculiar -ir and -re verb conjugations for je, tu, and Il/elle/on. Notice the accent above the “Nous” and “Vous” conjugations? I have no idea how to trigger that in this mnemonic, so you simply have to note that the accent makes the Past Simple not that simple.

Imperfect (imparfait) – She was eating a parfait, it is imperfect, how I-ronic.

imperfect1

For an American, a parfait is something they sell at McDonald’s, and it contains yogurt or ice cream, and is adorned with nuts, syrup, etc. What could be more perfect? The irony is that as “she” was eating one, it is imperfect, and therefore ironic. The mnemonic attempts to reveal the conjugation trickery of the Imperfect tense. Through the use of colors, the strange “a” that appears in je, tu, il and ils is shown. The “is” and “it” are revealed in the je, tu, and il conjugations, and finally, the word I-ronic reminds the conjugator, to make sure they slip an “i” into each conjugation.

Present Perfect (passé composé) – A composer says, “I have spoken!”, to his Avon selling son.

present-perfect

This visual not only tells you the English equivalent, but reminds you that an accent mark at the end of the past particle tells you that it is one of the perfect tenses. You will see this tense so often, that you will probably have no problem with the je, tu, il, and vous conjugations, but you may be tricked by the nous and ils conjugations. The mnemonic addresses that with Avon and son, color linking mnemonic words to the conjugations. The mnemonic does not address the irregular past participles which you saw in the visual for the Past Perfect, so if you wish, you can add a trigger or key to the visual, and personalize it.

Past Conditional/Conditional Perfect (conditionnel parfait) – Laura is conditionally perfect in the past.

conditional-perfect1

The mnemonic does not address the irregular past participles which you saw in the visual for the Past Perfect, so if you wish, you can add a trigger or key to the visual, and personalize it.

Present Conditional (conditionnel present) – Ain’t present conditions Infinite and EZ!

conditional-present1

 

Memorizing For Written Exams – Imperfect

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/imperfect.htm

The French imperfect (indicatif imparfait) is a descriptive past tense which indicates an ongoing state of being or a repeated or incomplete action. If the action is completed, it would be “perfect”, and be the Present Perfect (passé composé). In this tense, the beginning and end of the state of being or action are not indicated, and the imperfect is very often translated in English as “was” or “was ___-ing.”

Mnemonic (Key Phrase) – She was eating a parfait, it is imperfect, how I-ronic.

imperfect1

– je parlais, tu parlais, il parlait, nous parlions, vous parliez, ils parlaient

The imperfect is actually conditional without the verb stems -er, -ir, -re. If you like you can add a mnemonic for this fact, like “imperfect conditions”.

Note – There are some irregular verbs in the imperfect: finir (to finish), the -ier verb étudier (to study), the spelling change verb manger (to eat), and the irregular verb être (to be):

French imperfect conjugations
Here are the imperfect endings and conjugations for the regular verbs parler (to speak) and finir (to finish), the -ier verb étudier (to study), the spelling change verb manger (to eat), and the irregular verb être (to be):
Pronoun Ending parler
> parl-
finir
> finiss-
étudier
> étudi-
manger
> mange-
être
> ét-
 je (j’)  -ais parlais finissais étudiais mangeais étais
 tu  -ais parlais finissais étudiais mangeais étais
 il  -ait parlait finissait étudiait mangeait était
 nous  -ions parlions finissions étudiions mangions étions
 vous  -iez parliez finissiez étudiiez mangiez étiez
 ils  -aient parlaient finissaient étudiaient mangeaient étaient

If you would like to have some specific run time conjugating in the Imperfect tense, go to this site, choose French, then select Imperfect tense, and whichever verb group you wish to practice:

http://www.listeningpractice.org/conjugator.php

Complete the quiz below, and when you have completed it correctly, you will have mastered imperfect.

http://laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap5.html

For Kindle users, I have listed the questions, with the correct answers below (scroll down after writing down your answers, to see the questions and answers).

Questions

1. Tex et Tammy ______ la table quand Paw-Paw a téléphoné. (mettre)
2. Tammy ______ la chimie avant la soirée. (étudier)
3. Joe-Bob: Je ______ des noix quand il a commencé à pleuvoir . (ramasser)
4. Fiona: J’______ la musique française quand Joe-Bob est arrivé . (écouter)
5. Fiona et Bette: Nous ______ nos devoirs quand le cours a commencé . (finir)
6. Fiona: Corey, tu ______ de l’insecticide toute la soirée? (boire)
7. Tex: Joe-Bob et Corey, vous ______ des voix mystérieuses pendant le cours? (entendre)
8. Bette ______ à l’amour de Tex quand Tammy est arrivée . (réfléchir)
9. Edouard ______ le repas quand le client a commandé du ketchup. (servir)
10. Fiona: Tammy, est-ce que tu ______ du piano quand j’ai appelé? (jouer)
11. Joe-Bob ______ son ami Corey quand il a rencontré une belle minette. (chercher)
12. Tammy et Bette ______ du shopping quand Tammy est tombée dans la rivière. (faire)

Questions with Answers

1. Tex et Tammy ______ la table quand Paw-Paw a téléphoné. (mettre)
correct answer: mettaient
2. Tammy ______ la chimie avant la soirée. (étudier)
correct answer: étudiait
3. Joe-Bob: Je ______ des noix quand il a commencé à pleuvoir . (ramasser)
correct answer: ramassais
4. Fiona: J’______ la musique française quand Joe-Bob est arrivé . (écouter)
correct answer: écoutais
5. Fiona et Bette: Nous ______ nos devoirs quand le cours a commencé . (finir)
correct answer: finissions
6. Fiona: Corey, tu ______ de l’insecticide toute la soirée? (boire)
correct answer: buvais
7. Tex: Joe-Bob et Corey, vous ______ des voix mystérieuses pendant le cours? (entendre)
correct answer: entendiez
8. Bette ______ à l’amour de Tex quand Tammy est arrivée . (réfléchir)
correct answer: réfléchissait
9. Edouard ______ le repas quand le client a commandé du ketchup. (servir)
correct answer: servait
10. Fiona: Tammy, est-ce que tu ______ du piano quand j’ai appelé? (jouer)
correct answer: jouais
11. Joe-Bob ______ son ami Corey quand il a rencontré une belle minette. (chercher)
correct answer: cherchait
12. Tammy et Bette ______ du shopping quand Tammy est tombée dans la rivière. (faire)
correct answer: faisaient

Memorizing For Written Exams – Passé composé

http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/passecompose.htm

The French passé composé (present perfect) tense has three possible English equivalents. For example, j’ai dansé can mean: I danced (simple past), I have danced (present perfect), I did dance (past emphatic). The take-away, for me, is that unlike imperfect, the action is completed in the past.

Mnemonic (Key Visual) – A composer says, “I have spoken!”, to his Avon selling son.

present-perfect

avoir verbs – j’ai, tu as, il a, nous avons, vous avez, ils ont + (past participle) (i.e. parlé )

être verbs – je suis, tu es, il est, nous sommes, vous êtes, ils sont + past participle

The following is a list of verbs that use être and avoir (for intransitive and transitive usages, respectively) as their auxiliary verbs in passé composé:

Devenir – to become – devenu
Revenir – to come back – revenu
Monter – to go up – monté
Rester – to stay – resté
Sortir– to exit – sorti
Passer – to pass by (this case only) – passé
Venir – to come – venu
Aller – to go – allé
Naître – to be born – né
Descendre – to descend – descendu
Entrer – to enter – entré
Retourner – to return – retourné
Tomber – to fall – tombé
Rentrer- to re-enter- rentré
Arriver – to arrive – arrivé
Mourir – to die – mort
Partir – to leave – parti

Students often remember this list using the acronym DR and MRS P. VANDERTRAMP. In addition to these, at least one other verb is conjugated with être: Décéder – to decease – décédé

The verbs that use être as an auxiliary verb are intransitive verbs that usually indicate motion or change of state. Since some of these verbs can be used as a transitive verb as well, they will instead take avoir as an auxiliary in those instances; e.g. Il a sorti un outil pour le réparer.

Another visual aid that students often use, from Wikipedia, of the 17 verbs that conjugate with the être verb. Click the little icon and you’ll be transported to Wikipedia and the image:

You may also like to review the presentation on this link:

http://www.cliffsnotes.com/foreign-languages/french/french-ii/french-ii-past-tenses/the-passe-compose

Note – Most irregular French verbs have irregular past participles. Important past participles:

Infinitive Translation Past Participle
avoir to have eu
boire to drink bu
connaître to know connu
croire to believe cru
devoir to have to
dire to say dit
écrire to write écrit
être to be été
faire to do fait
lire to read lu
mettre to put mis
ouvrir to open ouvert
pouvoir to be able to pu
prendre to take pris
recevoir to receive reçu
savoir to know su
suivre to follow suivi
tenir to hold tenu
voir to see vu
vouloir to want voulu

Complete the quizzes below (there are two, the first is for avoir verbs and the second for être verbs), and when you have completed it correctly, you will have mastered passé composé.

http://laits.utexas.edu/tex/gr/tap2.html

For Kindle users, I have listed the questions, with the correct answers below (scroll down after writing down your answers, to see the questions and answers).

Questions (for avoir verbs)

1. Fiona: Corey, est-ce que tu ______ de l’insecticide? (boire)
2. Tex: J’ ______ de nouveaux poèmes. (écrire)
3. Tex et Edouard ______ le match de foot. (regarder)
4. Tex et Tammy ______ des amis hier soir. (rencontrer)
5. Tammy ______ beaucoup de crêpes pour la fête. (préparer)
6. Tex ______ visite à Paw-Paw. (rendre)
7. Tammy et Bette ______ du shopping hier. (faire)
8. right/wrong Tammy: Corey et Joe-Bob, est-ce que vous ______ mes devoirs dans le frigo? (voir)
9. Tammy et Bette: Nous ______ n’est-ce pas, Tex? (mincir)
10. Tammy: Joe-Bob, est-ce que tu ______ la leçon? (comprendre)
11. right/wrong Les étudiants ______ à Tex. (ne pas obéir)
12. right/wrong Fiona: Alors, est-ce qu’on ______ le film? (aimer)

Questions with Answers (for avoir verbs)

1. Fiona: Corey, est-ce que tu ______ de l’insecticide? (boire)
correct answer: as bu
2. Tex: J’ ______ de nouveaux poèmes. (écrire)
correct answer: ai écrit
3. Tex et Edouard ______ le match de foot. (regarder)
correct answer: ont regardé
4. Tex et Tammy ______ des amis hier soir. (rencontrer)
correct answer: ont rencontré
5. Tammy ______ beaucoup de crêpes pour la fête. (préparer)
correct answer: a préparé
6. Tex ______ visite à Paw-Paw. (rendre)
correct answer: a rendu
7. Tammy et Bette ______ du shopping hier. (faire)
correct answer: ont fait
8. right/wrong Tammy: Corey et Joe-Bob, est-ce que vous ______ mes devoirs dans le frigo? (voir)
correct answer: avez vu
9. Tammy et Bette: Nous ______ n’est-ce pas, Tex? (mincir)
correct answer: avons minci
10. Tammy: Joe-Bob, est-ce que tu ______ la leçon? (comprendre)
correct answer: as compris
11. right/wrong Les étudiants ______ à Tex. (ne pas obéir)
correct answer: n’ont pas obéi
12. right/wrong Fiona: Alors, est-ce qu’on ______ le film? (aimer)
correct answer: a aimé

Questions (for être verbs)

1. Tammy ______ en France il y a un an. (aller)
2. Edouard ______ en retard, comme toujours. (arriver)
3. Hier Tammy ______ dans le cours d’aérobique ‘step’. (tomber)
4. right/wrong Fiona: Moi, je ______ à la maison hier soir. (rester)
5. Fiona: Corey et Joe-Bob, vous ______ très tard après la fête. (rentrer)
6. Tammy et Bette ______ ensemble. (venir)
7. Les enfants de Rita ______ en mai. (naître)
8. Tammy: Tex, pourquoi est-ce que tu ______ avec Bette? (partir)
9. Tex: Mes parents ______ sur l’autoroute. (mourir)
10. right/wrong Tex: Je ______ une fois avec une fille qui s’appelle Marianne. (sortir)
11. Après la guerre, Paw-Paw ______ héros. (devenir)
12. Tex et Tammy ______ au rez-de-chaussée. (descendre)

Questions and Answers (for être verbs)

1. Tammy ______ en France il y a un an. (aller)
correct answer: est allée
2. Edouard ______ en retard, comme toujours. (arriver)
correct answer: est arrivé
3. Hier Tammy ______ dans le cours d’aérobique ‘step’. (tomber)
correct answer: est tombée
4. right/wrong Fiona: Moi, je ______ à la maison hier soir. (rester)
correct answer: suis restée
5. Fiona: Corey et Joe-Bob, vous ______ très tard après la fête. (rentrer)
correct answer: êtes rentrés
6. Tammy et Bette ______ ensemble. (venir)
correct answer: sont venues
7. Les enfants de Rita ______ en mai. (naître)
correct answer: sont nés
8. Tammy: Tex, pourquoi est-ce que tu ______ avec Bette? (partir)
correct answer: es parti
9. Tex: Mes parents ______ sur l’autoroute. (mourir)
correct answer: sont morts
10. right/wrong Tex: Je ______ une fois avec une fille qui s’appelle Marianne. (sortir)
correct answer: suis sorti
11. Après la guerre, Paw-Paw ______ héros. (devenir)
correct answer: est devenu
12. Tex et Tammy ______ au rez-de-chaussée. (descendre)
correct answer: sont descendus